April 24, 2014 by Nitesh

How to Create a Hierarchical Menu Using HTML And CSS

Friends,

I am planning to write a series of articles on creating menus in different ways and this is the 1st one in the series. This post will explain how to create a simple 2 level menu using HTML and CSS only. We know there are a lot of ways to create a HTML menu but at  times, we need to use only HTML/CSS in the project to create a nice menu. So, lets get started.

We will create a HTML structure as below using <ul> and <li> tags. Write the below code in your HTML file where you want to place the menu.

<div class="menu">
<ul>
	<li><a href="#">Menu 1</a></li>
	<li><a href="#">Menu 2</a>
<ul>
	<li><a href="#">Menu 2.1</a></li>
	<li><a href="#">Menu 2.2</a></li>
	<li><a href="#">Menu 2.3</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
	<li><a href="#">Menu 3</a>
<ul>
	<li><a href="#">Menu 3.1</a></li>
	<li><a href="#">Menu 3.2</a></li>
	<li><a href="#">Menu 3.3</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
</ul>
</div>

Now, we have the structure ready. Definitely, the current menu does not look good and we will now apply some CSS to make it look beautiful. Write the below code in the <head> section.

<style type="text/css">
.menu{
    width: 500px;
    margin: 0px auto;
    font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
    font-weight: bold;
    font-size: 14px;
}
.menu ul li a:link, div ul li a:visited {
    display: block;
    background-color: #f1f1f1;color:#000;
    text-align: center;
    text-decoration: none;
    padding: 4px;
    border-bottom: 1px solid #fff;
    width: 150px;        
}
.menu ul li a:hover{
    background-color: #ccc;
}
.menu ul li ul li a:link, li ul li a:visited {
    display: block;
    background-color: #f1f1f1;
    color: #000;
    text-align: center;
    text-decoration: none;
    padding: 4px;
    border-bottom: 1px solid #fff;
    width: 150px;
}
.menu ul li ul li a:hover {
    background-color: #ccc;
}
.menu ul {
    list-style-type: none;
    margin: 0px;
    padding: 0px;   
}
.menu ul li {
    float: left;
    margin-left: 5px;
}
.menu ul li ul li {
    float: none;
    margin-left: 0px;
}
.menu ul li ul {
    display: none;  
}
.menu li:hover ul{
    display: block; 
}
</style>

Save the HTML file and double click on it to view on the browser. Your menu should look something like the below screesnhot.
html-css-menu

You can read other parts of this series below –
How to Create a Hierarchical Menu Using HTML, CSS and jQuery
How to Create Single Level Menu Dynamically Using C# in ASP.Net

Hope you like this post! Cheers!

#CSS#HTML#Menu

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